For the first time in media history, an event is covered as it unfolds, anywhere in the world. Television news organizations today have the capability of going anywhere and covering anything at any time, and on many occasions they are doing it.
Historical Context First it is necessary to look at the background history for this turbulent area of the World. From to Iraqi fought a bloody war against its neighbor Iran. In Iraqi invaded over a border dispute over the ownership of the Shatt Al Arab waterway which borders the two countries.
For years Iraqi steadily lost ground against the numerically superior but technologically inferior Iranians. In the the Iraqis changed tactics and by using chemical weapons, massive artillery bombardments and the Republican Guard it made rapid advances rolling back the Iranians until when the War ended they had gained miles of territory.
The Waterway was so clogged with silt and debris it was now useless. It was these tactics of chemical and artillery bombardment, which the Coalition forces were expecting during the later Gulf war, and these debts, which were the seeds of that future conflict.
By Iraq was in severe financial difficulties the price of oil was low and Iraq relied on this as its main source of income. It accused Kuwait of overproducing and flooding the market with cheap oil. Kuwait agreed to lower production but this failed to pacify Sadamm Hussain. He had a second grievance with Kuwait that of the Rumalia oil field in northern Kuwait.
The Iraqis owed half this oil field and wanted the rest of it, so they accused the Kuwaitis of stealing oil from the Iraqi half of the oil field. With the Western powers focused on Europe and the end of the Cold War few paid much attention to the Iraqis threats to Kuwait a "Rich, small vulnerable state".
Even when conflict looked likely it was thought that if they did invade it would be for limited objectives such as the oil field, this is what Gen Schwarzkopf believed.
The only intelligence agency to predict the invasion was the CIA and then it was on the day before the Iraqis invaded, not much use! On 2nd AugIraqi troops invaded Kuwait spearhead by 3 divisions of the Republican Guard.
It was well organized with Heli-bourne and Amphibious assaults, with Special Forces landing at key sites and ground controllers disguised as civilians going on ahead to direct Armour.
The resistance was quickly crushed. Saddam Hussein then made his first big mistake, his forces stopped at the Saudi Arabian border. He hadmen 1, tanks and guns against only 72, Arabians, if he had invaded it would have provoked a stronger international response but with Arabian airfields and ports in his hands it would have made any liberation very difficult indeed.
Maybe he was unable to support his forces logistically? Maybe he feared retaliation? No one knows, but this was to be possibly his only chance to win the War. By December it was clear the Iraqis were digging in, and foolishly throughout the following Coalition build up he left their forces in Saudi Arabia unmolested.
But this was misleading, as the War was later to show.Middle East Saddam Hussein, the Gulf War and the new Middle East. Iraq invaded Kuwait at the beginning of August The international community responded by launching a military operation.
In this chapter, I first discuss the production of the text of the "crisis in the Gulf" and then "the Gulf war." This will involve analysis of disinformation and propaganda campaigns by the Bush administration, the Pentagon, and their allies, as well as dissection of the constraints produced by the so-called pool system.
Still, Gulf War TV coverage provided one of the best examples yet of the misleading selectivity of instant satellite feeds and the ability of authorities (in this case the military) to command a platform.
Afghanistan is a war of choice – defending the Persian Gulf is a necessity. The Burke Chair in Strategy has released a number of reports on the current situation and future trends of the Gulf . The YouTube video purports to show then-CNN reporter Charles Jaco rehearse a dramatic "live" report from Saudi Arabia during the Persian Gulf War from a studio, exaggerating the level of danger.
The second part of this video was a live CNN satellite feed recorded onto VHS showing the final cut. The Gulf War was the first American conflict shown on live television (though footage from the Vietnam War was shown on TV, video coverage of events lagged by several days).
CNN aired live images of bombs exploding and other events of the war onto people’s home television sets.
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