Has anyone ever asked you to try it? Has anyone ever asked you not to drink? Well, in the s many people took a pledge never to drink alcohol.
Share By the beginning of the 19th century, traditional Christian beliefs were held in less favor by numerous educated Americans. This Second Great Awakening, a reprise of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century, was marked by an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology.
It arose in several places and in several active forms.
In northern New England, social activism took precedence; in western New York, the movement encouraged the growth of new denominations.
In the Appalachian region of Tennessee and Kentucky, the revival energized Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists, and gave rise to the popular camp meeting, a chance for isolated frontier folk to gather and enjoy the excitement of evangelistic fervor.
The first camp meeting occurred in south-central Kentucky in June James McGready, a Presbyterian, and two colleagues preached for three solid days.
The following day, two circuit-riding Methodist ministers arrived and emotionally exhorted the crowd.
The First Great Awakening might also be seen as a Christian appropriation of certain aspects of the Enlightenment, such as emphasis on the individual, reliance on experience instead of authority, and mistrust of tradition. The Second Great Awakening inspired people to try to change the world and make it better. A wide variety of reform movements developed to improve all aspects of society including diet, fashion, the care for the mentally ill, the treatment of prisoners, world peace, the rights of women, and the end to slavery. The Second Great Awakening had a decided impact on American society. In the following I will describe what the Great Awakening was and how it changed life in America. In essence, the Great Awakening was a religious awakening.
The revivals of the west were much more emotional than those in the east. Evangelizing the West also took the form of interdenominational missionary groups, such as the American Home Missionary Society Their exponents were witnesses for the faith, teachers and civic pillars.
Other societies published Christian literature; notable among these was the American Bible Society and the American Tract Society Social activism spawned abolition groups, temperance and suffrage societies, and others committed to prison reform, care for the handicapped and mentally ill.
A noted proponent of such reforms was the evangelist Charles G. In addition to being an innovative evangelist whose techniques others would imitate, he held that the Gospel saved people, but also it was a means to reform society.
True to his word, Finney was a fervent abolitionist and encouraged other Christians to get involved. The movement spread through southern Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee.
Features of the Methodist and Baptist denominations became assets on the frontier. The Methodists inspired circuit riders from among their common folk; they penetrated to remote areas and enjoyed a natural rapport with the isolated families they evangelized. The Bible belt of the South and border states was born on this grassroots format.
The Second Great Awakening exerted a lasting impact on American society, more than any other revival.
While its fervor abated, it left a legacy of many established churches, democratization and social reform.The Second Great Awakening Religious revivalism fueled the moral and social reforms of the first half of the 19th Century.
De Tocqueville and Beaumont appeared on the scene at the height of the second Great Awakening, the most extended religious revival in American history.
In describing what happened in Jonathan Edward's Northampton, Massachusetts church in , observers said, "It pleased God to display his free and sovereign mercy in the conversion of a great multitude of souls in a short space of time, turning them from a formal, cold, and careless profes.
Social’Eﬀects’of’the’Second’ GreatAwakening’ Presented’by’Doug’Taylor’ Liberty’University’Graduate’Research’ Symposium’. This essay’s thesis only partially explains the impact of the Second Great Awakening on two antebellum reform movements.
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The Second Great Awakening was a U.S. religious revival that began in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century. While it occurred in all parts of the United States, it was especially strong in the Northeast and the Midwest.
Washington GladdenWhen Washington Gladden accepted the call to the pulpit of the Congregational Church in Springfield, Massachusetts in , his parishioners had little reason to expect that their call to the thirty nine year old pastor might mark the beginning of a new epoch in American.