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Reporting for the Media has checklists for using quotes and attributes and here tips that are particularly helpful to beginning writers are included. Quotations Place only the exact words of the source within quotation marks.
This rule is often broken because beginning writers feel it necessary to clean up bad grammar or include a word that clarifies the quotation. Although accepted styles vary greatly for this rule, generally if a quote from the source is not clear or adding an element to the story, do not use use it.
Writers should remember that they can not put words in their sources' mouths when writing, but only hope to get them to say what's desired.
For a one-paragraph quotation that includes two or more sentences, place the quotation marks only at the beginning and end of the entire quotation, not at the beginning and end of each sentence.
Each quotation should serve a purpose, such as reveal a source's character, describe or emphasize a point, or present an opinion. Quotes are the muscle of a story. Stories written with plenty of adjectives are weak and don't present the reader with an objective opinion. However, quotes bring stories to life.
Think of them as a pop-up image from a page, describing all the things a writer cannot. For example, if a woman insults someone and calls them a lint licker, quote it.
Writers should ramble through their stockpile of quotes and choose only the best to include in their story. All direct quotations should be clear, concise, relevant and effective. Quotes bring the story to life. Attribute all second-hand information, criticisms, statements about controversial issues, opinions, and all direct and indirect quotations.
Remember to not attribute undisputed facts.
Barack Obama being the the president should not be attributed, whereas someone citing their opinion on the president should. Punctuate the attribution properly.
Put a comma after attribution introducing a one-sentence quotation and a colon after attribution introducing two or more sentences of quotation.
When attributing a long title to a source, the order is reversed. For example, "Nationwide, Nordstorm's sales are flourishing. Put the attribution at or near the beginning of a long quotation.And quotations are only one type of evidence: well-balanced papers may also make use of paraphrases, data, and statistics.
The types of evidence you use will depend in part on the conventions of the discipline or audience for which you are writing. Don’t use too many direct quotes in your writing (e.g. long quotes and short quotes is enough in a word essay).
The lecturers prefer to see paraphrasing – writing quotes in your own words). Working with Quotations Using Quotations in a Paper.
students use too many direct quotes in their papers instead of formulating their own ideas about the paper topic and using quotes rather sparingly as one way to substantiate their point of view on the topic.
Long Quotations. There are a few different ways it may be necessary to quote dialogue from a novel or other literary work in an essay.1) If you are using any narrative or stage directions in your quote to prove.
Using the occasional personal pronoun to let your audience know that you, in fact, are a classically trained dancer—and have the muscles and scars to prove it—goes a long way in establishing your credibility and proving your argument.
Proper Punctuation – Quotes When you’re writing something that is a direct quote, meaning that it is the exact words that someone spoke, you need to use double quotation marks.
Using them properly can be a little tricky, so remember these rules.